Archive for the ‘Linguistics’ Category

Why I hate English language


A friend of mine asked me, why I hate English so much?

I picked up a random object (a toilet spray) with an English text to demonstrate why.
The text was “Shake can well
I said:

  • each word in this sentence has too many meanings:
    • well can be “healthy”, “a hole sunk into the ground as a source of water” and many other meanings as well;
    • can can be “to be able”, but can be “cylindrical vessel for liquids” or “prison” or even a slang word for buttocks.
    • the word shake also has many meanings.

this demonstrates that any word can mean anything, and every random sentence can have hundreds unrelated meanings.


So this is a tongue with wrong grammar and huge vocabulary, where each word has too any meanings. Altogether, this makes language poorly suited for communication. I refuse to like it.


hard chinese


My new and unrelated blog:

This is my answer to Chineasy.

tenpo seli


tenpo seli,
lon li pona mute.
kala li musi,
kasi len li suli.

mama sina li jo e mani mute
mama sina li lukin pona kin
a toki ala meli lili!
o mu ala!

tenpo lili la
sina li lon li toki kalama musi.
tenpo lili la
sina li lon kon sama waso

tenpo ni la
pakala li ala lon
mama tu pi sina li lon.



unordered facts.

Etymology of etymology: Greek ἐτυμολογία (etumologíā); from ἔτυμον (étumon), meaning “true sense”, and -λογία (-logía), meaning “study”; from λόγος (lógos), meaning “speech, account, reason.” (wikipedia)

Pronunciation of pronunciation is IPA: /pɹəˌnʌnsiˈeɪʃən/, SAMPA: /pr@%nVnsi”eIS@n/ (wiktionary)

Doublet for doublet is twin.

The term antonym is synonymous with opposite.

Antonym to antonym is synonym.

There is no synonym to synonym, AFAIK.

TLA is TLA. (Three-letter acronym)

FLAB is FLAB (Four-letter abbreviation)

Onomatopoeic is not onomatopeic.

Awkward is an awkward word.

RAS syndrome is an example of RAS syndrome.

Portmanteau is Portmanteau.


heterological is not heterological nor autological.

H + vowel + r

word UK pronunciation US pronunciation Homophones
here (UK) IPA: /hɪə(ɹ)/, SAMPA: /hI@(r\)/ /hɪɹ/, SAMPA: /hIr/ here
hair hâr, IPA: /heə/, /heɹ/, SAMPA: /he@/ hare
hare /hɛɚ/, /heɹ/, /heə/ hair
heir âr, IPA: /eə(r)/, SAMPA: /e@(r)/ air
her IPA: /hɜː(ɹ)/, SAMPA: /h3:(\r)/ IPA: /hɝ/ SAMPA: /h3`/
air IPA: /ɛə/, SAMPA: /E@/ IPA: /ɛə/, SAMPA: /E@/ Ayr, Eire, ere, heir
hire aɪə(r) higher
hear hēə(r), IPA: /hɪə(ɹ)/, SAMPA: /hI@(r)/ hēə(r), IPA: /hɪə(ɹ)/, SAMPA: /hI@(r)/ here
ear Rhymes: -ɪə(r)